Gen si reprezentare in Romania comunista: 1944-1989

Politica de construire a societatii socialiste promovata de partidul comunist a acordat un rol important femeilor. In incercarea de a defini mai bine acest rol, Luciana M. Jinga analizeaza situatia populatiei feminine in cele patru decenii de regim comunist. Axate pe doua dimensiuni majore – organizatia de masa a femeilor si femeia ca actor politic creat de partid –, cercetarile sale au la baza o mare varietate de surse, de la arhive, sondaje sau presa vremii, pina la lucrari de memorialistica si iconografie. Volumul urmareste aparitia primelor comitete de femei si transformarile prin care au trecut acestea pina la coagularea unei organizatii unice la nivel national, politica demografica si campaniile anti-avort, masurile de promovare a femeilor in structurile de conducere si initiativele egalitariste ale autoritatilor. Sint de asemenea prezentate cele mai importante hotariri ale Consiliului de Ministri referitoare la implicarea femeilor in viata politica, precum si un nomenclator din anii 1980 al meseriilor, specialitatilor si functiilor in care puteau fi incadrate femeile.
O veritabila carte-document, Gen si reprezentare in Romania comunista se adreseaza atit istoricilor si politologilor, cit si publicului larg interesat de sistemul politic comunist.
 
Din cuprins:
O „loterie” fara sanse de cistig. Femeile din cadrul PCdR • Aparitia organizatiei unice de femei • Consiliul National al Femeilor (1958-1989) • Epoca Ceausescu, epoca proiectelor • Principiul egalitatii sexelor • Promovarea femeii in Romania comunista – o politica de stat? • Munca „eliberatoare” • Reprezentarea feminina in structurile de stat si de partid • Traiectorii, evolutii, itinerare. Membrele Comitetului Central al Partidului Comunist Roman (1945-1989)

 

”Gender, Mass Media, Representations. Social Realities and Media Representations".

Social Realities and Media Representations
Edited by Daniela Roventa-Frumusani

Contents

About the Authors 
Foreword 
Daniela Rovenţa-Frumuşani

Part I 
Women’s Images in Factual and Fictional Media Genres. Science ou divertissement? L’exposition Human Body, thèmes et représentations 
Viorica Aura Păuş & Romina Surugiu

Police Women in TV Series and Real Life
Silvia Branea

Représentations et stéréotypes de genre dans la presse écrite postcommuniste de Roumanie et de la République
de Moldova
Cristina Ilco

Tabloid Headlines: Dialectics in a Word 
Monica Mitarcă

Part II 
Gender Structure and Power Relations in Organizations. Gender Dimension, Consumption Practices and Romanian Online Journalism
Carolina Rudinschi

Women and Romanian Public Relations
Elena Prodan

Gender Dynamics of Participation: Laws, Regulations and Numbers in Higher Education in Romania
Theodora-Eliza Văcărescu

 

 


Theorizing NGOs: States, Feminisms, and Neoliberalism

Editor(s): Victoria Bernal, Inderpal Grewal

Contributor(s): Victoria Bernal, Elissa L Helms, Lauren Leve, Aradhana Sharma, Julie Dawn Hemment, Kathleen O′Reilly, LeeRay M. Costa, Lamia Karim, Saida Hod∼i, Laura Grünberg, Sabine Lang, Sonia E. Alvarez, Inderpal Grewal

Theorizing NGOs examines how the rise of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) has transformed the conditions of women's lives and of feminist organizing. Victoria Bernal and Inderpal Grewal suggest that we can understand the proliferation of NGOs through a focus on the NGO as a unified form despite the enormous variation and diversity contained within that form. Theorizing NGOs brings together cutting-edge feminist research on NGOs from various perspectives and disciplines. Contributors locate NGOs within local and transnational configurations of power, interrogate the relationships of nongovernmental organizations to states and to privatization, and map the complex, ambiguous, and ultimately unstable synergies between feminisms and NGOs. While some of the contributors draw on personal experience with NGOs, others employ regional or national perspectives. Spanning a broad range of issues with which NGOs are engaged, from microcredit and domestic violence to democratization, this groundbreaking collection shows that NGOs are, themselves, fields of gendered struggles over power, resources, and status.


Controverses autour du Deuxieme Sexe de Simone de Beauvoir

Simona Necula

Controverse in jurul celui de-Al doilea sex al lui Simone de Beauvoir este o lectura a lecturilor eseului filosofic aparut in anul 1949. O carte care a fanatizat si a segregat lumea intelectuala franceza, o carte convertita in arma in confruntarile de persoane si grupuri cu optiuni ideologice si politice diferite, uneori diametral opuse.
Patru momente sunt studiate: ancheta declansata printre tinerii intelectuali francezi de catre Francois Mauriac in anul aparitiei cartii, punerea la Index a ei de catre Vatican (1956), disputele din anii 1970 dintre diferitele grupari ce militau pentru eliberarea femeilor si, in sfirsit, controversele ce au avut loc la aniversarea a 50 de ani de la publicare.
Original atat prin subiect cat si prin metoda de analiza pentru care autoarea a optat (analiza controverselor, orientare actuala ce a revigorat traditionala istorie a ideilor si a intelectualilor), studiul raspunde intre altele la urmatoarele intrebari: Ce spun aceste controverse despre lumea sociala, politica si religioasa in care se desfasoara? Care au fost reprezentarile sociale despre femeie in cele patru momente analizate? De ce si, mai ales, cum au reusit controversele analizate sa transforme aceste reprezentari?

 


Prostituția: Politici și Practici. În cine dăm cu piatra?

Alina Tăriceanu

(Polirom 2014)

Pornind de la o ampla analiza a prostitutiei stradale din Bucuresti, volumul isi propune sa clarifice dimensiunile acestui fenomen si sa arate cum sistemul de reglementare a prostitutiei influenteaza viata celor implicati in comercializarea sexului. Rezultatele studiului, similare celor obtinute in alte tari, constituie un argument in favoarea ideii ca realitatile sociale ale prostitutiei stradale nu depind de conditiile culturale nationale. Pe baza unui model normativ derivat din gindirea feminist-liberala, este respins regimul de prohibitie a prostitutiei, considerat nociv pentru prostituatele stradale, iar analiza modului in care acestea se raporteaza la ocupatia si identitatea lor sociala furnizeaza date noi, utile deopotriva in cercetarea academica si in elaborarea proiectelor de politici publice.

 


Lapte negru
Elif Shafak

Traducere din limba engleza si note de Ada Tanasa

Prin Lapte negru, Elif Shafak reface cu eleganta parcursul de la scriitoarea nomada independenta la mama sedentara, plina de nesiguranta; ea nu-si dezminte imaginatia debordanta si personifica atit propriile trasaturi de caracter, sub forma unui harem de femei in miniatura, cit si feluritele faze ale depresiei postnatale care-o macina, sub infatisarea unei familii sinistre de djinni. Shafak isi impleteste experientele legate de maternitate cu cele ale unor scriitoare celebre precum Virginia Woolf, Sylvia Plath, Zelda Fitzgerald, Ayn Rand, Alice Walker sau Toni Morrison, cautind cu perseverenta o solutie la conflictul dintre maternitate si creativitate.
 
„Nu pretind ca fictiunea are magnitudinea unui cutremur, insa, cind patrundem intr-un roman, lasam in urma micile noastre apartamente comode si, prin intermediul personajelor fictive, ne trezim ca ajungem sa cunoastem oameni pe care nu i-am intilnit niciodata inainte si pe care poate chiar i-am detestat, caci am crezut ca sint Ceilalti ai nostri.” (Elif Shafak)


Gender and Citizenship in Romania

 Diana Elena Neaga 

(Polirom, 2013)

Through the life stories of some Romanian women, the book analyzes the performative dimension of citizenship. The stories show how the way women exercise citizenship today is affected, on the one hand, by constraints associated with gender roles and differences (on the basis of which women are the main family care givers), and, on the other hand, by formative lived  experiences during both the communist period (the paid work, the restriction of freedom of movement, rationalisations) and the post-communist transition (the social polarizing, the minor presence of women’s interests on the public agendas, the unemployment experience or that of the free speech).

http://www.polirom.ro/catalog/carte/gen-si-cetatenie-in-romania-4828/ 


Reflexive Modern Feminism

Mihaela Oana Băluță 

(Tritonic, 2013)

The volume offers conceptual revisions and clarifications, concerning notions such as gender, political interests, methodological options relevant to the analysis of political interests, such as the differences between the Western and Eastern feminist approaches, between modern and postmodern feminism, or those concerning the methods used in empirical researches, as well as epistemological options directly linked to the paradigmatic relationship between modernism and postmodernism.

http://www.tritonic.ro/isbn-Feminism_modern_reflexiv-978-606-93388-1-0.htm 


The Political Developments of Motherhood
- Feminist perspectives

Ramona Păunescu

(Polirom, 2013)

The analysis of motherhood from the political perspective is a recent approach, both globally as well as in Romania. Assuming that motherhood is not a "natural" given, but a product of religious or political systems, the volume identifies the main factors which, over the centuries, have contributed to various positionings and repositionings towards motherhood, as well as the political implications of its institutionalization, in the first place the inequalities between women and men.  The description of motherhood in the Western space is complemented by a presentation in the Romanian space during communism and post-communism and by an analysis of care and educational institutions (kindergartens, hospitals, social networks) from the perspective of parents.

http://www.polirom.ro/catalog/carte/evolutii-politice-ale-maternitatii:-perspective-feministe--4508/ 


Contingency, Hegemony, Universality: Contemporary Dialogues on the Left

Judith Butler, Ernesto Laclau, Slavoj Žižek

(Tact, 2012)

What is the contemporary legacy of Gramsci's notion of Hegemony? How can universality be reformulated now that its spurious versions have been so thoroughly criticized? In this ground-breaking project, Judith Butler, Ernesto Laclau and Slavoj Zizek engage in a dialogue on central questions of contemporary philosophy and politics. Their essays, organized as separate contributions that respond to one another, range over the Hegelian legacy in contemporary critical theory, the theoretical dilemmas of multiculturalism, the universalism-versus-particularism debate, the strategies of the Left in a globalized economy, and the relative merits of post-structuralism and Lacanian psychoanalysis for a critical social theory. While the rigor and intelligence with which these writers approach their work is formidable, Contingency, Hegemony, Universality benefits additionally from their clear sense of energy and enjoyment in a revealing and often unpredictable exchange.

Feminist Contentions:A Philosophical Exchange

By Seyla Benhabib, Judith Butler, Drucilla Cornell, Nancy Fraser
This unique volume presents a debate between four of the top feminist theorists in the United States today. Seyla Benhabib, Judith Butler, Drucilla Cornell and Nancy Fraser discuss some of the key questions facing feminist theory. Each articulates her own position in an initial essay, then responds to the others in a follow-up essay, making possible a conversation between these influential feminist thinkers. Begun as a symposium on the issue of feminism and postmodernism, the volume evolved into a discussion of broader issues such as the usefulness of postmodernism as a theoretical concept; the role of philosophy in social criticism; how historical narrative is best conceptualized; the status of the subject of feminism; and the political effects of different formulations of all these issues. Unlike many collections which assume a given topic and ask various thinkers to respond to it, this format enables the contributors themselves to articulate their own views on the key questions facing feminist theory and distinguish their views from others.

The Posthuman

Rosi Braidotti

(Polity Press, 2013)

The Posthuman offers both an introduction and major contribution to contemporary debates on the posthuman. Digital “second life”, genetically modified food, advanced prosthetics, robotics and reproductive technologies are familiar facets of our globally linked and technologically mediated societies. This has blurred the traditional distinction between the human and its others, exposing the non-naturalistic structure of the human. The Posthuman starts by exploring the extent to which a post-humanist move displaces the traditional humanistic unity of the subject. Rather than perceiving this situation as a loss of cognitive and moral self-mastery, Braidotti argues that the posthuman helps us make sense of our flexible and multiple identities.

http://politybooks.com/book.asp?ref=9780745641584 


 

In the Beginning, She Was

Luce Irigaray

(Bloomsbury, 2013)

In this new book, crucial for understanding her journey, Luce Irigaray goes further than in Speculum and questions the work of the Pre-Socratics at the root of our culture. Reminding us of the story of Ulysses and Antigone, she demonstrates how, from the beginning, Western tradition represents an exile for humanity. Indeed, to emerge from the maternal origin, man elaborated a discourse of mastery and constructed a world of his own that grew away from life and prevented perceiving the real as it is. To recover our natural belonging and learn how to cultivate it humanly is imperative and needs turning back before the golden age of Greek culture. Another language is, then, to discover, capable of expressing living energy and transforming our instincts into shareable desires. 

http://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/in-the-beginning-she-was-9781441198402/ 


 


Fortunes of Feminism: From Women's Liberation to Identity Politics to Anti-Capitalism

(Verso, 2013)

Nancy Fraser

Nancy Fraser’s major new book traces the feminist movement’s evolution since the 1970s and anticipates a new—radical and egalitarian—phase of feminist thought and action. During the ferment of the New Left, “Second Wave” feminism emerged as a struggle for women’s liberation and took its place alongside other radical movements that were questioning core features of capitalist society. But feminism’s subsequent immersion in identity politics coincided with a decline in its utopian energies and the rise of neo-liberalism. Now, foreseeing a revival in the movement, Fraser argues for a reinvigorated feminist radicalism able to address the global economic crisis. Feminism can be a force working in concert with other egalitarian movements in the struggle to bring the economy under democratic control, while building on the visionary potential of the earlier waves of women’s liberation. This powerful new account is set to become a landmark of feminist thought.


http://www.versobooks.com/books/1173-fortunes-of-feminism 


 

Queer Presences and Absences (Genders and Sexualities in the Social Sciences)

(Palgrave Macmillan, 2013)

Ed. Michelle Addison and Yvette Taylor

Queer Presences and Absences explores changes and continuations in lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer lives, identities and spatial practices in the 21st century.

Queer futures are situated across local, national and international spaces including the UK, USA, Italy, Brazil, Russia and the Czech Republic. Queer movements, marginalities and mainstreams are located in legislative changes, institutional locations and in everyday spaces: these are mediated through consumption, possession and entitlement, alongside dispossession, poverty and inequality. Rather than positing a queer arrival or a queer present 'everywhere', care is taken to consider the diversity of queer existence. Using a range of methods, including qualitative interviews, ethnographies, auto-biographical 'fictions' and archival research, authors connect pasts, places and policies with contemporary times, linking individual and social presences (and absences) affectively and materially.

http://www.palgrave.com/products/title.aspx?pid=512766 

 


Fem

Magda Carneci

(Cartea Romaneasca, 2013)

Magda Carneci 's FEM - an epiphany cantered itinerary, starting  from the “sudden throwing in the scene”, going through the adventures of the painful body, the teenage enlightenment of a femininity matrix and “the fall of reality into reality”, through the androgynous “change of body” towards the maturity of vision, the opening of the third eye and, finally, the flashing (and the non-transmittable) understanding of the “great chess with the other” - is a supply of self for the good use of those who seek “a coherent magic of the world”. It’s an “emotional key” for the Planet FEM, for that feminine universe of which one of the last spiritual masters of our time used to say that it  is a world naturally closer to the being of things. (Simona Sora)

http://www.cartearomaneasca.ro/catalog/carte/fem-254/detalii.html 


Gender Studies Journal

Vol.1, No.11/2012 

(West University of Timisoara)

 http://www.genderstudies.uvt.ro/doc%20pdf/gender%20studies/GE2012.pdf 

 


Gender Equality Index -Report

(EIGE, 2013) This report is a result of the EIGE’s work of the past three years, which presents a synthetic measure of gender equality – the Gender Equality Index. It is the only index that gives a comprehensive map of gender gaps in the EU and across Member States based on the EU policy framework.

http://eige.europa.eu/content/document/gender-equality-index-report 

 


The Involvement of Men in Gender Equality Initiatives in the European Union

- Study Report –

(EIGE, 2012)

This report is the final product of the Background study on the involvement of men in gender equality in the European Institute for Gender Equality’s (EIGE) working areas. The study was commissioned by EIGE and implemented by Men for Gender Equality (Sweden). The general aim was to map relevant stakeholders in all EU Member States whose activity could be considered as contributing to a more effective involvement of men in the promotion of gender equality. 

http://eige.europa.eu

 


The Role of Men in Gender Equality - European strategies & insights

(European Commission, 2013)

  The report “Study on the Role of Men in Gender Equality” is meant to provide a better knowledge of the role and positioning of men in gender equality issues. Men’s practices and interests regarding gender equality vary, partly due to differences in provider roles and economic circumstances, but also due to different social, political and cultural patterns. During the last years a special focus on men has emerged at the European level and the amount of research as well as specific strategies have increased. Still, there is little systematised knowledge about men’s practices regarding gender equality in the different European countries. This report is the first European study which undertakes systematic research of the EU 27 member states plus the associated EFTA states in the following fields: the importance of education and work in the context of increasing men’s contribution to gender equality, the involvement of men in family, care and domestic work responsibilities, men’s health, gender-based violence and men’s participation in gender equality policy.

http://ec.europa.eu/justice/gender-equality/files/gender_pay_gap/130424_final_report_role_of_men_en.pdf